Hemorrhoids in their natural anatomical state are cushions of submucosal tissue containing venules, arterioles, and smooth muscle fibers in the anal canal. But when they cause severe discomfort, pain, inflammation, itching & bleeding due to the varicosities of the veins of the arterial & venous plexus, usually presumed to be caused by repeated pressure in the anal and rectal veins by certain factors like constipation, excessive straining during bowel movements, loss of muscle tone due to old age, rectal surgery etc lead to haemorrhoidal disease.
Ayurveda encompasses on ‘ nidana parivarjana’ i.e. to avoid the known disease-causing factors in diet and lifestyle & also refrain from precipitating factors of the piles is most important.
Usually, the cause of the piles lies in the excessive pressure on blood vessels that are located inside and around the anus. Piles generally occur to those people who are suffering from long term constipation. Several risk factors can be listed that should be kept in mind because these risk factors can increase the piles problem in a person.
A healthy diet and a healthy lifestyle help to maintain the overall health of the body. Lifestyle modification should be a part of treatment as a preventive measure for any degree of hemorrhoids. Some treatments help relieve symptoms right away while others involve making changes in the diet & lifestyle regime to help ease constipation and prevent hemorrhoid symptoms from coming back.
The following measures help to prevent the pile’s occurrence & worsening further;
Dietary habit is the key link as shearing action of passing hard stool on the anal mucosa results in damage to the anal cushions leading to hemorrhoids. Thus increasing the intake of fiber and providing added bulk in the diet might help eliminate straining during defecation by softening hard stools & reducing the frequency of constipation. People who prefer a high fiber diet are at lower risk of piles as compared to those who prefer a diet rich in processed foods.
Drinking enough water helps prevent constipation and thus decreases the need for straining by aiding in running the digestive system smoothly.
Physical exercise helps to stimulate the lymphatic system and aids in keeping the colon in check and also relieves pressure on the rectal muscle thus lowering the burden.
Stool softeners are medications that may be used in people with constipation to correct constipation before it can predispose to piles. The safest stool softeners & laxatives help to work in harmony with the body rather than those that stimulate or simulate normal physiological activities, worsening the condition even more.
Ignoring natural urges of defecation, micturition and even flatus results in the damaging of the nerves in the rectal area & thus responds inappropriately to the stool in the rectum as the brain stops responding to the stimulus of urge. It is advisable not to fight the urge & need to pass stool since it can worsen the piles by putting pressure on the veins in the rectum.
Good bowel habits should be practiced as being aware of the excessive strain while defecating.
The anal area & lower rectum should be treated with as much care as other sensitive areas of the body. It is crucial to keep the anal area clean with self-cleaning anal hygiene tips mentioned as follows;
The healing action of natural Ayurveda herbs helps to identify pain points in patients suffering from piles & nurture them on their journey to wellness. Along with dietary & lifestyle management, correction of metabolic errors with natural herbs is the key to curing piles effectively. Ayurveda has innumerable herbs to help cure piles;
The improved awareness of a healthy diet & lifestyle and hygienic bathroom behavior modifications on the patient’s part, can help in complete resolution of the pile’s symptoms. Ayurvedic herbs balance the doshas with a combination of diet, lifestyle modifications, and herbal remedies.
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